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    Osho Rajneesh Book "The Rebel"

    The Rebel

    The magical door of eternity

    6 June 1987 pm in Chuang Tzu Auditorium

    Question 1


    Anand Rupen, it is possible to be a rebel without being enlightened. It is also possible to be
    enlightened without being a rebel. But both will be half-hearted; something will be missing,
    something which is very essential. It will be almost like a corpse – the soul is missing.
    A rebel who is not enlightened is living in blindness, unconsciousness, darkness. He does not know
    what is right and what is not right – he has no clarity of vision. He cannot open up other people’s
    hearts for the birth of a new humanity – he himself is not born yet. His rebelliousness is nothing but
    a kind of thinking in his mind.

    He is a revolutionary thinker, he is a philosopher, but he does not know exactly what will end this
    night, and how we are going to bring the dawn; how the sun will rise, how the birds will sing again
    and the flowers will open. But he can dream, he can think. In the past there have been many
    philosophers who have been accepted as rebels, great rebels, but nothing has come out of them
    except some beautiful fragments of thoughts – unconnected, unscientific, non-pragmatic, impossible
    to be transformed into reality.

    You must have heard the definition of a philosopher: a blind man, on a dark night, in an unlit house,
    searching for a black cat which is not there. But the trouble does not end here – there are many who
    have found it! They gave descriptions of the black cat, and because nobody else has seen it, you
    cannot refute them either. They don’t have any evidence – but neither have you! So whatever these
    blind philosophers go on saying is accepted without being refuted.
    It is not refuted on other accounts either – because the establishment is not worried about these
    rebels and their rebellious thinking. They know perfectly well that their thoughts are nothing but
    soap bubbles; in their deep sleep, they have been chattering.

    Mick and Joe are returning home from a tour of some vineyards in Italy, where they have been
    generously entertained by their hosts. ”Mick, are we near the city yet?” asks Joe.

    ”Yes,” answers Mick, ”we must be. We are knocking down more people.”
    ”Drive slower, then,” says Joe.
    ”What do you mean, drive slower?” says Mick. ”You are driving.”

    A rebel who is not enlightened is a rebel who is blind – not only blind, but also drunk – and his
    rebelliousness is a kind of reaction. That is the original meaning of the word ‘rebel’ – fighting against
    something, fighting back. He can see that something is wrong, something has to be destroyed. His
    life is not free, so there must be chains on his feet, handcuffs on his hands, and they must be broken;
    he has to free himself. But these are all assumptions.

    One thing is certain: he knows misery, he knows suffering. He knows that his humanity has been
    reduced to almost the same level as animals; that his pride has been destroyed, his dignity has
    been completely erased. He is aware at least of what has been taken away from him and he starts
    fighting against it. His rebelliousness is a reaction, negative. It is fighting against something, not
    fighting for something.

    I would like to add to the meaning of ‘rebel’ a positive side too, which is not there in the dictionaries.
    The dictionaries are all, without exception, giving only one meaning: fighting back, fighting against.
    But what is the use of fighting back and fighting against, if you don’t have a clear perception – for
    what? If you don’t have a vision of the future, and a better future with more rejoicing, then there is
    no point in unnecessarily fighting. But the rebel who is not enlightened will remain negative in his
    approach; hence he will remain half.

    The enlightened man who is not a rebel is, in the same way, also half. He knows what has to be
    achieved, he knows the potential of man, he knows the faraway distant glories possible to humanity.
    But he is not ready to fight against the existing society, the existing slavery, all the obstacles and
    hindrances that are between the future and the present, between the old man and the new man.
    This kind of enlightened man has existed, and he was worshipped – worshipped by the old people,
    traditional and orthodox, conventional and rooted in the ancient heritage.

    This enlightened man has a vision of a better future, of a better man. But he has not the guts to
    fight for it – to fight against the traditional, conventional structure of society and the old mind, which
    is conditioned and rotten – because he lives on their charity, he lives on their respect, honor and
    worship. He is not courageous enough to renounce all the respectability that they are bestowing
    upon him; to forget being called a saint and a sage by the rotten old past. He cannot just be a
    nobody, condemned, perhaps crucified, but fighting against what is wrong, fighting for that which is
    right and will be a blessing to all.

    So both have been there: the unenlightened rebel and the wise man, enlightened but not rebellious.
    I want you to understand it very clearly that unless a man is both enlightened and rebellious
    simultaneously, he is not whole. He is incomplete, he is not entire; something is missing. He is
    not rich, not as rich as he could have been if there were nothing missing in him.

    My conception of the enlightened man is that of a rebellious, totally rebellious man. To me
    rebelliousness and enlightenment have become almost a simultaneous phenomenon, a harmonious
    unity, an organic whole. Hence I say unto you that I am bringing into the world a new man – a
    new rebel and a new enlightened being both together in a single person, in each individual. This
    synthesis has become absolutely necessary.

    The past has seen a Gautam Buddha, utterly enlightened but not rebellious. That’s why he was not
    crucified but worshipped, even by kings, emperors, learned people of his century. There was no fear
    in the establishment of those days that Gautam Buddha was a danger to them.

    I have talked about Bakunin, Bukharin, Camus. All these are rebellious thinkers, but unenlightened.
    The society has not crucified them either. Society knows that their words are impotent, that they
    cannot ignite a wildfire in the hearts of humanity. People will read their books as entertainment;
    more than that is not possible as far as their writings are concerned. Hence, the society has not only
    tolerated them but respected them, rewarded them with great prizes.

    My rebel will be not only a philosopher, he will be an experienced, awakened being. His very
    presence will threaten all the establishments of the world. His presence will be a challenge to all
    that enslaves man and destroys his spirit. His presence will become a great fear in all those who are
    immensely powerful, but know perfectly well that their power depends on the exploitation of men,
    on keeping man retarded, on destroying man’s intelligence, on not allowing man to have his own
    individuality, his own original face. Just a few rebellious enlightened people around the world and all
    the thrones of power will start shaking.

    I can see not only one Jesus on the cross, I can see thousands of Jesuses on the cross. But their
    death will be the resurrection of a new humanity, a new consciousness all over the world. Their life
    will be a tremendous contribution to beautify this world, and their death will also be an even greater
    contribution: to give man back his dignity, his humanity, his spirituality.

    We need thousands of crosses, and thousands of Jesuses hanging on those crosses. Only then the
    sleeping humanity may perhaps feel that it is time to get up and do something.

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